Or a person may start as a young antisocial alcoholic but then become a functional alcoholic as they mature or seek treatment. A recent study1 shows that 13.9% of the American population aged 18 and older experiences an alcohol use disorder — the clinical term for alcoholism — within a given year. While a significant proportion of the population experiences alcoholism, it does not look the same in every affected person. In fact, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA3) recognizes five distinct subtypes of alcoholics. These types have different signs to look for and likelihoods of seeking treatment for their alcohol use disorder.
Conversely, hereditary causes include constitutional conditions, such as distinct neurotic and psychopathic disorders that often are traceable to ancestors. This is the rarest type of alcohol-dependent individuals, and yet, it is the category that many people 5 types of alcoholics think of in respect to alcoholism. Alcohol Addiction and Its Treatment was written in 1940 by psychiatrist Karl Bowman and Biometrist E.M Jellinek which formed a detailed review of the treatment of alcoholism and contained 24-typological formulations.
Alcoholics – The Five Subtypes
They took an in-depth look at dependence of alcohol, and included questions related to the family history of alcoholism, along with other substances, as well as personal character. Alcoholism is called alcohol dependence in the medical field so when defining the subtype of alcoholic, it may be labeled as such. If you have a challenge with your drinking habits, you may see yourself sitting in one of the descriptions below. For each subtype of alcoholic, there is a treatment that is designed to work for your needs.
People with ASPD also show impaired executive functioning, which may make them particularly vulnerable to this effect. Of the alcoholism subtypes, functional individuals are less likely to relapse. A study by scientists at the NIAAA, part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), analyzed 1,484 survey respondents who met specific diagnostic https://ecosoberhouse.com/ criteria for alcohol addiction. The study included people both in treatment and not seeking treatment. Isopropyl alcohol also is the main constituent of in cosmetics, including lotions. But, isopropyl alcohol — along with some more dangerous types of alcohol — products have bittering agents that dissuade people from drinking it.
How do the 5 Types of Alcoholics Differ in Terms of Their Drinking Patterns and Behaviors?
When this occurs, the physical addiction and mental dependence of alcohol has already begun. If you, or someone you know, displays just 2-3 of the following, you could be considered to have mild alcohol use disorder. For drinkers who show 4-5 of the symptoms, it would be considered that you have a moderate problem with alcohol.
- A chronic severe alcoholic is a person who is physically alcohol dependent and experiences severe withdrawal symptoms if they attempt to quit.
- Nearly 32 percent of alcoholics fall into the young adult category, making it the most prevalent subtype in the U.S.
- Another one of the criteria is drinking larger quantities than intended.
- However, most of their drinking is binge drinking – they drink 5 or more drinks on 73% of their drinking days.
- This pattern of alcohol use is more likely to be hazardous than non-binging patterns.